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INVITED REVIEW
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-18

3D modeling, custom implants and its future perspectives in craniofacial surgery


Department of Engineering, Director Engineering MedCAD Inc. Dallas TX 75226, USA

Correspondence Address:
Jayanthi Parthasarathy
1372 Todd Dr, Plano, TX 75023
USA
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DOI: 10.4103/2231-0746.133065

PMID: 24987592

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Custom implants for the reconstruction of craniofacial defects have gained importance due to better performance over their generic counterparts. This is due to the precise adaptation to the region of implantation, reduced surgical times and better cosmesis. Application of 3D modeling in craniofacial surgery is changing the way surgeons are planning surgeries and graphic designers are designing custom implants. Advances in manufacturing processes and ushering of additive manufacturing for direct production of implants has eliminated the constraints of shape, size and internal structure and mechanical properties making it possible for the fabrication of implants that conform to the physical and mechanical requirements of the region of implantation. This article will review recent trends in 3D modeling and custom implants in craniofacial reconstruction.


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