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TECHNICAL NOTE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 281-286

Three-dimensional planning in craniomaxillofacial surgery


1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu (Barcelona Children's Hospital), Barcelona, Spain
2 Department of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu (Barcelona Children's Hospital), Barcelona, Spain
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu (Barcelona Children's Hospital), Barcelona, Spain
4 Department of Orthodontics, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu (Barcelona Children's Hospital), Barcelona, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Josep Rubio-Palau
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu (Barcelona Children's Hospital), Passeig Sant Joan de Deu, 2. 08950 Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona
Spain
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DOI: 10.4103/2231-0746.200322

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Introduction: Three-dimensional (3D) planning in oral and maxillofacial surgery has become a standard in the planification of a variety of conditions such as dental implants and orthognathic surgery. By using custom-made cutting and positioning guides, the virtual surgery is exported to the operating room, increasing precision and improving results. Materials and Methods: We present our experience in the treatment of craniofacial deformities with 3D planning. Software to plan the different procedures has been selected for each case, depending on the procedure (Nobel Clinician, Kodak 3DS, Simplant O&O, Dolphin 3D, Timeus, Mimics and 3-Matic). The treatment protocol is exposed step by step from virtual planning, design, and printing of the cutting and positioning guides to patients' outcomes. Conclusions: 3D planning reduces the surgical time and allows predicting possible difficulties and complications. On the other hand, it increases preoperative planning time and needs a learning curve. The only drawback is the cost of the procedure. At present, the additional preoperative work can be justified because of surgical time reduction and more predictable results. In the future, the cost and time investment will be reduced. 3D planning is here to stay. It is already a fact in craniofacial surgery and the investment is completely justified by the risk reduction and precise results.


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