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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-48

Efficacy of collagen membrane graft in intraoral surgery - An evaluative study

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pratap N Movaniya
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Karnavati School of Dentistry, Uvarsad, Gandhinagar - 382 422, Gujarat
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_192_20

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Introduction: Bovine-derived collagen membrane is usually and regularly used as a temporary cover or dressing for extraoral wounds and burns. It has wide applications because of its usefulness and biocompatibility. This has provoked us to do a study with the use of collagen membrane even for minor intraoral surgical defects. The aim of this evaluative study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of collagen membrane in intraoral wounds created by removal of various soft tissue lesions. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 healthy patients (16 males and 9 females) were taken for this study. This study was confined to secondary defects of the oral mucosa, which occur after excision of premalignant lesions and other conditions, such as benign lesions, reactive proliferations, and incisional biopsy wounds. Only those lesions that were sufficiently large and could not be closed primarily were included in the study. Results: The results were evaluated on the day of surgery and in the postoperative period. The usefulness of collagen membrane as an intraoral temporary wound dressing material to promote haemostasis, relieve pain, induce granulation, and assist in rapid epithelialization at the wound site and prevent infection, contracture, scarring, and donor-site morbidity was evaluated, and finally, the efficacy of collagen membrane was tested by the use of Chi-square test and P < 0.001, which is a statistically and clinically significant value. Discussion: Collagen membrane was observed as both biological dressing material and drug carrier. It was found to be a suitable alternative to other graft materials mentioned for the repair of defects in the mucous membrane created by surgical excision of lesions. Therefore, when used judiciously in a controlled clinical situation, collagen membrane is biologically acceptable in nature. It is an alternative to autologous grafts rather than a replacement of other grafts used in the oral cavity.

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