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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 58-63

Correlation between the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9, matrix metalloproteinase-13, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1, p16 and differentiation of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: A prospective observational study

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kapil Soni
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur - 342 005, Rajasthan
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_249_20

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Introduction: The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), MMP-13, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) could be a useful predictor of tumour differentiation, nodal metastasis, and invasiveness. We conducted this study to ascertain the correlation between the expression of these markers and differentiation of tumour cells. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care center. Forty-three cases of proven HNSCC were recruited after obtaining informed consent. Using the surgically excised specimen, tumour differentiation and invasiveness were assessed and correlated with rates of expression of the markers. Chi-square test was done to correlate immunohistochemical (IHC) marker positivity and the degree of differentiation of the tumour, lymph node metastasis, and invasiveness. Results: MMP-9, MMP-13, and TIMP-1 were expressed in 72%, 34%, and 18% of cases, respectively. p16 expression was not found in any of the cases. MMP-13 expression correlated with poorer differentiation of the tumour (p = 0.03), and relatively younger age at diagnosis (p = 0.01). However, there was no correlation with lymphovascular or perineural invasion or lymph node metastasis. Discussion: In our study, MMP-13 expression correlated with poorer tumour differentiation and younger age at diagnosis, giving indirect evidence of tumour aggressiveness. IHC markers can provide additional information to prognosticate HNSCC. Identifying potential targets for newer biological therapy is essential in the Indian population as there are biological differences in cancer behavior. Increased expression of the proteolytic MMP-13 correlated with poorer differentiation of HNSCC.

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